Calvinists regard these as a heresy . The controversy continues to the
present time, because both Calvinists and Arminians can justify their
positions through reference to biblical passages.
Aryan: A term used by the German Nazi government to refer to Caucasians of the Nordic type. Originally, the term referred to persons who speak an Indo-European language.
Asa, Æs. Æsir: The name for the Gods in Norse Heathenism, either as individuals or as a collective.
Ascended Masters: A New Age belief that there are spiritual, non-physical, entities who live on an astral plane and can communicate spiritual truths to humans through channeling .
Ascension: In Christianity, this refers to the belief that Jesus ascended to heaven to sit at God's right hand. According to two gospels, Luke, Jesus ascended to heaven on a Monday, the day after his resurrection. Acts explained that it occurred 40 days later.
Ascension, feast of (. ascension day): A Christian holy day celebrating the belief that Jesus' bodily ascended from Earth to Heaven. It is celebrated on a Thursday, 40 days after Easter Sunday.
Ascension of Abdul Baha: A celebration by the Baha'i Faith of Abdul Baha's spirit rising to heaven.
Ascension of Baha'u'llah: A remembrance by the Baha'i faith of the death of its founder, Mirza Husayn Ali, and the ascension of his spirit to heaven.
Asceticism : The belief that a conflict exists between one's body and spirit. By renouncing the needs and desires of the body, one can attain a higher spirituality. This is concept is found in many religions and faith groups, from Christianity to Native American spirituality .
Ashkenazi : A term referring to Jews of eastern and northern European origin. See also Sephardi .
Ashoora: A one-day fast in which Muslims recall the death of Imam Hussain, the grandson of the Prophet of Islam. He sacrificed his life and the lives of many of his family members and friends in Karbala Iraq, in order to preserve the teachings of Islam. 3
Ashram: A Hindu term for a religious retreat center where a student can learn under the guidance of a guru (teacher).
Ash Wednesday: This is the first day of Lent, observed by Christians. It is held on the Wednesday which is 40 days prior to Easter.